Mechanized farming in India

(Agricultural Mechanization )

Agricultural mechanization is one of the important factor for sustainable development of the agricultural sector which helps increasing production and agricultural work, reducing manpower and cost effective input.

Agricultural mechanization is one of the important factor for sustainable development of the agricultural sector which helps increasing production and agricultural work, reducing manpower and cost effective input. In last few years there has been tremendous shift in agricultural machinery and source of electricity. The timeliness of operations has assumed greater significant in obtaining optimal yields from different crops, which has been possible through mechanization. In some countries relatively has simple changes, such as the substitution of metal implements for wooden hoe’s and plows, or the use of rubber tires on wheelbarrows and carts, has however made a great differences. List of machineries used in agriculture: • Cultivator (of two main variations) • Dragged teeth (also called shanks) that pierce the soil. • Rotary motion of disks or teeth. Examples; Power tiller / Rotary tiller / Rototiller / Bedtiller / Mulch tiller / Rotavator. • Cultipacker • Chisel plow • Harrow (e.g. Spike harrow, Drag harrow, Disk harrow) • Plow or plough {various specialized types} • Stone / Rock / Debris removal implement (e.g. Destoner, Rock windrower / rock rake, Stone picker / picker) • Sub-soiler • Rotator • Roller • Strip till toolbar (and a variation called Zone till sub-soiler) Advantages of Machineries in Agriculture: • Modern machines can reduce efforts of farmers. • It can reduce the production time. • It is used to supply water to the crops. • Machines are useful for sowing the seeds. • Improves fertility of the soil. • Reduce the impact on the ecosystem. But as said, ‘with pro’s comes con’s. Some of the Disadvantages of machineries are: • Maintenance cost is very high. • Over usage of machines may lead to environmental damage. • Most of the farmers, don’t know about the usage of modern machines. • The main disadvantage is soil compaction. Machines are big and heavy and can contribute to soil compaction. As we still have about 50% of our population in agriculture sector and on the contrary this sector's contribution to our GDP is 17 %. Thus to improve productivity, farm mechanization in indeed a priority requirement. But as the world is developing we can hope that third world countries like India, where use of technology is still not in trend people can shift towards modern ways of farming. In farm mechanization there are two major contribution- high productivity and great output. Tractor form an integral part in increasing agricultural productivity. The Indian tractor industry has grown between 8-10 per cent in 2018-19. Tractor based farming is mobile thus it has capability of reducing man power, whereas stationary machines such as pumps do not replaces labour. In India, hand driven machines are still used, therefore encouraging farm machineries is important. But as discussed above, with pro’s comes con’s- hence, it become more important for us to use these machines judiciously and yet effectively with minimal occurrence of disadvantages.

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Machines Used in Agriculture

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Agricultural production is not a miracle. It take Knowledge, Labour and Character.