Spices production in India

(Spices are the integral part of daily human life)

Spices are the integral part of daily human life, no food in India is cooked without spices, that’s why India is popular for its spices across the world.

Spices are the integral part of daily human life, no food in India is cooked without spices, that’s why India is popular for its spices across the world. In fact, India is one of the largest spice producer, consumer and exporter in the world. From chilly, turmeric to pepper and cumin we have something for everyone, Indian dishes are incomplete without addition of spices in them. Even special spices are produced commercially for every single dish. It’s a pure bliss to one’s taste-buds. The taste of Indian food changes from street to street and one can enjoy almost every type of dish according to their preference. States like Gujarat, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Assam, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal are popular for production of spices. Andhra Pradesh is the largest spice producer of India. Chilli is the major spice crop occupying about 29 percent of area under spice cultivation and contributing about 34 percent of total spices production in the country. Turmeric accounts for 14% of production and 6% of area, while garlic accounts for 19% of production and 5% of area. Seed spices contribute 17% of production and occupy 41% of area while pepper contributes 2% of production and occupies 9% of area of the total spices in the country. Out of 109 spices listed by ISO (international organization for standardization), the country produce a total of 75 varieties. The varying climatic conditions of India, the weather is ample for growing a wide range of spices within the country. The total area under spices cultivation in India is 3.15 million hectares. During 2017-18, India exported 1,028,060 tons of spice products which were valued at around Rs. 17,929.55 crore. Exporters grew by 8% in terms of volume and 6% in terms of value (US dollar). USA is the top export destination for Indian spices followed by Vietnam, China, UAE and Malaysia. Chilli tops the spice export by value followed by mint, spice oils, cumin and turmeric. Spices Board (Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India) is the flagship organization for the development and worldwide promotion of Indian spices. Spices Board has implemented several export development/promotion programs, which include adoption of upgraded technology in spice processing, setting up of quality evaluation labs by the exporters, quality certification, and packaging development and bar coding, product development and research for high-end value addition.

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