Upcoming Crisis of Dairy Industry

(Dairy industry involves in the manufacture of milk, cheese, butter, egg and various other products. )

India is the highest milk producer in the world. Dairy industry involves in the manufacture of milk, cheese, butter, egg and various other products. The industry contributes about Rs.1, 15,970 billion to the Indian economy.

India is the highest milk producer in the world. Dairy industry involves in the manufacture of milk, cheese, butter, egg and various other products. The industry contributes about Rs.1, 15,970 billion to the Indian economy. Dairy industry provide gainful employment to many of the rural households. It employs around 8.87 million people on yearly basis out of which 71% are women. The main source of all the dairy products is cow, and today the scenario in India regarding rearing of cows is worrisome. The Indian government ‘beef ban’ has created a repercussion among three major industries- meat, leather and dairy. However, it’s not an outright ban by the judiciary; the Indian politics has made it next to impossible for slaughterhouses to operate by disrupting their supply chain. India’s livestock markets act as go-betweens: selling animals from dairy farmers to larger companies and estates. The new Livestock Market Rules prohibit the sale of “cattle” for slaughter at livestock markets, increasing the difficulty for these markets to even to sell “cattle” for other purposes. For a nation with so many vocal vegetarians, India exports lot of meat, including beef. India is the second biggest exporter of (buffalo) beef in the world. Furthermore, India’s buffalo meat exports have grown 100 times from US$ 5.5 hundred million in the 2008-09 fiscal year to US$ 5.5 billion during Fiscal Year 2016: a compounded annual growth rate (Compound Annual Growth Rate) of 29 percent. The current report indicates that India exports beef has declined to US$ 4 billion. The decline is already causing concern over a rise in global beef prices due to reduced supply. India exports so much beef because Indians consume too dairy products. India is the world’s largest consumer and producer of milk and dairy products (both buffalo and cow). Small-scale dairy farmers supply much of these dairy products by rearing buffalo that are later sold to livestock markets when they are no longer productive. The ban on cow slaughter prohibits the slaughtering cows when they are not productive. However, ‘beef ban’ impact on overall dairy industry is extremely massive and a large sector of animal husbandry has been affected. Ban on Cattle slaughter has also led to the increasing number of cows roaming around the streets. It is estimated that number of stray cows has increased from 103 million to 117 million during 1997 to 2012. Decaying dead bodies are also left unattended in open, creating more problems as there are no facilities provided for proper disposal of carcasses. When there is no means of utilizing unproductive cows, the cost of feeding becomes a burden for small farmers. The cow vigilante groups are causing havoc on slaughter of even buffaloes, as they are just blind followers and don’t care for researching the whole issue before taking action, this in turn leads detachment from dairy farming. This will further decline in dairy industry which is crucial both for nutritional security of vegetarian population as well as country’s economy. It is thus very important that the ban on cow slaughter is carefully implemented in a way that it does not affect slaughter of buffaloes and ensure the dairy and meat industry a stable future.

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